Crack cocaine and babies . 41 Random Facts about Cocaine

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A registered nurse with more than 25 years of experience in oncology, labor/delivery, neonatal intensive care, infertility and ophthalmology, Sharon Perkins has also coauthored and edited numerous health books for the Wiley Dummies series. Perkins also has extensive experience working in home health with medically fragile pediatric patients. Around 4 percent of women in the United States take illegal drugs while pregnant, the March of Dimes states. A number of pregnant women who take illegal drugs also use legal drugs, such as tobacco and alcohol. All these drugs cross the placenta and can affect the fetus prenatally, causing withdrawal symptoms at birth. Many of the children born also have long-term effects from maternal drug use in pregnancy.

Birth Defects Some drugs more frequently cause birth defects than others, notably alcohol, the most common cause of preventable birth defects in the United States, affecting between 0.5 and two children per thousand births, the Office of the Surgeon General reported in 2005. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome causes facial malformations, learning difficulties, behavioral issues and small stature. Amphetamines, such as Ecstasy, and methamphetamines may cause congenital heart defects, cleft lip and palate or clubfoot in some infants, according to the March of Dimes. Cocaine exposure may cause urinary tract defects.

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome The risk of sudden infant death syndrome, or SIDS, is increased as much as twentyfold in women who used opiates, such as heroin, during pregnancy, author and pediatrician William Sears, M.D., reports on his website. Tobacco use also increases the risk of SIDS, he adds. Learning Disabilities A number of studies indicate that prenatal drug exposure can cause learning disabilities as children grow.

A 2002 article in the Journal of the American Medical Association by lead author Lynn Singer, Ph.D., of Case Western Reserve University Department of Pediatrics found that cocaine-exposed children were twice as likely to have cognitive delays compared to children not prenatally exposed to cocaine. Children prenatally exposed to heroin may also have long-term learning disabilities, the March of Dimes reports. Behavioral Issues Learning disabilities and behavioral issues often go hand in hand.

One study reported in the 2007 Journal of Behavioral Pediatrics by lead author Dr. Michael Lewis reported an increase in high-risk behavior, such as aggression, disregard for safety precautions and substance abuse, in 10-year-old males exposed to cocaine prenatally compared to boys not exposed to cocaine. This issue was found only in boys.

Depression Exposure to marijuana in the first and third trimesters of pregnancy can increase the risk of depression in children, lead author Kimberly Gray of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences reported in the May-June 2005 issue of Neurotoxicology and Teratology. Growth Retardation Fetal alcohol syndrome can cause growth retardation and short stature. A 2007 University of Pittsburgh study by Dr.

Gale Richardson in Pediatrics reported that children exposed to cocaine during the first three months of pregnancy had slower growth rates than those not exposed to cocaine. GOAL Gain 2 pounds per week Gain 1.5 pounds per week Gain 1 pound per week Gain 0.5 pound per week Maintain my current weight Lose 0.5 pound per week Lose 1 pound per week Lose 1.5 pounds per week Lose 2 pounds per week OFFICIAL PARTNER OF THE LIVE STRONG FOUNDATION CANCER SUPPORT SHOP TEAM LIVESTRONG DONATE Copyright © 2016 Leaf Group Ltd. Use of this web site constitutes acceptance of the LIVESTRONG.COM Terms of Use, Privacy Policy and Copyright Policy. The material appearing on LIVESTRONG.COM is for educational use only. It should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

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Fat and Fats - What do you know about fat? Skin Pictures - Can you identify these conditions? Chronic Fatigue Syndrome – What do you know about CFS? Conditions Conditions A-Z Procedures A-Z Allergies Alzheimer s Arthritis Asthma Blood Pressure Cancer Cholesterol Chronic Pain Cold & Flu Depression Diabetes Digestion Eyesight Health & Living Healthy Kids Hearing & Ear Heart HIV/AIDS Infectious Disease Lung Conditions Menopause Men s Health Mental Health Migraine Neurology Oral Health Pregnancy Senior Health Sexual Health Skin Problems Sleep Thyroid Travel Health Women s Health Symptom Checker Health & Living The No-Diet Approach Lose weight without dieting!

Live better and be healthier with these quick nutritional tips from the experts. Diet & Weight Management Exercise & Fitness Nutrition, Food & Recipes Prevention & Wellness Medications Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, MD Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist. She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland.

Medical Editor: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler s educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

ARTICLE RELATED DISEASES IMAGES & QUIZZES INDEX Prescription Drug Abuse Slideshow: Facts and Statistics OTC and Prescription Drug Abuse Slideshow Pictures Health Risks of Alcohol Abuse Slideshow Pictures Patient Comments: Cocaine and Crack Abuse - Personal Experience Find a local Psychiatrist in your town Cocaine and crack abuse facts What is cocaine? What is crack? How is cocaine abused? What are cocaine s effects on the body and the mind?

What causes and prevents cocaine abuse and addiction? What are symptoms and signs of cocaine abuse and addiction? How do health-care professionals diagnose cocaine addiction? What is the treatment for cocaine and crack addiction? What are symptoms and signs of cocaine withdrawal? What are the long-term effects and the prognosis for cocaine and crack addiction?

Where can people find more information about cocaine and crack abuse? Effects of Drug Abuse Psychologically, intoxication with or withdrawal from a substance can cause everything from euphoria as with alcohol, Ecstasy, or inhalant intoxication, to paranoia with marijuana or steroid intoxication, to severe depression or suicidal thoughts with cocaine or amphetamine withdrawal. In terms of effects on the body, intoxication with a substance can cause physical effects that range from marked sleepiness and slowed breathing as with intoxication with heroin or sedative hypnotic drugs, to the rapid heart rate of cocaine intoxication, or the tremors to seizures of alcohol withdrawal. Cocaine and crack abuse facts Cocaine, also called coke, nose candy, snow, blow, or toot, is a drug that comes from the coca plant. Crack cocaine, also called rock or rock cocaine, is cocaine in solid form.

About 25 million people in the United States use cocaine at least once during their lifetime. Symptoms of cocaine intoxication include intense euphoria and pleasure followed by the person becoming hyperactive and hyperalert. Once the high associated with cocaine intoxication wears off, the individual tends to become agitated, irritable, and physically uncomfortable. Cocaine intoxication often dramatically increases the release of the neurotransmitters dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin.

Cocaine abuse and addiction is one of a number of stimulant-use disorders and has no single cause but is rather due to the combination of biological, psychological, and social factors. Withdrawal symptoms and signs for cocaine include irritability, decreased appetite, sleep problems, and craving the drug. Symptoms of cocaine-use disorder include recurring use of large amounts of the substance over long periods of time, craving the substance, needing more drug to achieve intoxication over time, symptoms of withdrawing from the substance, drug use that interferes with important obligations, and trouble refraining from using cocaine. People who have cocaine use disorder are more likely to engage in risky sexual behaviors and experience their consequences, as well as having an increased risk of suicide, homicide, domestic violence, and other forms of violence. Medical risks of cocaine use disorder, particularly when in crack form, include tearing of the major artery in the body ( aortic dissection) or stroke associated with very high blood pressure.

It is also a risk factor for heart attack. For children exposed to cocaine in utero, the difficulties it can cause have been detected as early as during infancy. Since there is no one specific test that definitively determines that someone has cocaine-use disorder, health-care professionals diagnose this disorder by gathering comprehensive medical, family, and mental health information, as well as securing a physical examination and lab tests to evaluate the sufferer s medical state. Treatment services for cocaine use disorder remains largely unutilized by most sufferers of this illness.

The major goals for recovery are abstinence, relapse prevention, and rehabilitation. During the initial stage of abstinence, a person with cocaine or other substance use disorder may need detoxification to prevent or decrease the effects of withdrawal. For many people with chemical dependency, much more difficult and time-consuming than recovery from the physical symptoms of cocaine-use disorder is psychological addiction. The treatment of dual diagnosis (the combination of a substance-use disorder and another mental-health disorder) seems to be more effective when treatment of the individual s mental illness is coordinated with addressing the individual s chemical dependency. Recovery from cocaine-use disorder usually includes episodes of remission and relapse. Related Article Prescription Drug Abuse: Statistics, Facts, and Symptoms Learn about prescription drug abuse facts and statistics about the dangers and misconceptions of abusing common prescription drugs.

Read more: Prescription Drug Abuse: Statistics, Facts, and Symptoms Cocaine and Crack Abuse - Personal Experience Please describe your experience with cocaine and crack use or abuse. Post View 1 Comment Cocaine and Crack Abuse - Symptoms and Signs What symptoms and/or signs did you experience during your withdrawal from cocaine or crack? Post Cocaine and Crack Abuse - Effects Have you experienced any long-term effects from cocaine or crack addiction? Post Complete List Top Cocaine and Crack Abuse Related Articles Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment) Children s Health Headache Heart Attack High Blood Pressure Hypertension Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Nosebleed Root Canal Sleep Stroke Symptoms and Treatment Teen Drug Abuse Slideshow Knee Pain Management Transitional Care Cancer Treatments Overactive Bladder?

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Surprising Health Benefits of Sex How would you like a stronger immune system or better sleep? Action between the sheets can help you get all of this and more. All Slideshows Newest Slideshows Pet Health Slideshows Images Psoriasis Medical Images Red, itchy, and scaly skin? Discover common skin conditions like psoriasis, rashes, and more in the collection of medical photos.

Allergic Skin Disorders Bacterial Skin Diseases Bites and Infestations Diseases of Pigment Fungal Skin Diseases Medical Anatomy and Illustrations Noncancerous, Precancerous & Cancerous Tumors Oral Health Conditions Papules, Scales, Plaques and Eruptions Scalp, Hair and Nails Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) Vascular, Lymphatic and Systemic Conditions Viral Skin Diseases Additional Skin Conditions Quizzes Take the Sex & Love Quiz! The brain. The body. The bedroom. How much do you know about sex, love, and the human body?

Happiness - Test your emotional IQ Superfoods - Are you eating enough? Fat and Fats - What do you know about fat? Skin Pictures - Can you identify these conditions? Chronic Fatigue Syndrome – What do you know about CFS?

Conditions Conditions A-Z Procedures A-Z Allergies Alzheimer s Arthritis Asthma Blood Pressure Cancer Cholesterol Chronic Pain Cold & Flu Depression Diabetes Digestion Eyesight Health & Living Healthy Kids Hearing & Ear Heart HIV/AIDS Infectious Disease Lung Conditions Menopause Men s Health Mental Health Migraine Neurology Oral Health Pregnancy Senior Health Sexual Health Skin Problems Sleep Thyroid Travel Health Women s Health Symptom Checker Health & Living The No-Diet Approach Lose weight without dieting! Live better and be healthier with these quick nutritional tips from the experts. Diet & Weight Management Exercise & Fitness Nutrition, Food & Recipes Prevention & Wellness Medications Roxanne Dryden-Edwards, MD Dr. Roxanne Dryden-Edwards is an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist.

She is a former Chair of the Committee on Developmental Disabilities for the American Psychiatric Association, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and Medical Director of the National Center for Children and Families in Bethesda, Maryland. Medical Editor: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology.

Dr. Stöppler s educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology. ARTICLE RELATED DISEASES IMAGES & QUIZZES INDEX Prescription Drug Abuse Slideshow: Facts and Statistics OTC and Prescription Drug Abuse Slideshow Pictures Health Risks of Alcohol Abuse Slideshow Pictures Patient Comments: Cocaine and Crack Abuse - Personal Experience Find a local Psychiatrist in your town Cocaine and crack abuse facts What is cocaine? What is crack?

How is cocaine abused? What are cocaine s effects on the body and the mind? What causes and prevents cocaine abuse and addiction? What are symptoms and signs of cocaine abuse and addiction? How do health-care professionals diagnose cocaine addiction?

What is the treatment for cocaine and crack addiction? What are symptoms and signs of cocaine withdrawal? What are the long-term effects and the prognosis for cocaine and crack addiction?

Where can people find more information about cocaine and crack abuse? Effects of Drug Abuse Psychologically, intoxication with or withdrawal from a substance can cause everything from euphoria as with alcohol, Ecstasy, or inhalant intoxication, to paranoia with marijuana or steroid intoxication, to severe depression or suicidal thoughts with cocaine or amphetamine withdrawal. In terms of effects on the body, intoxication with a substance can cause physical effects that range from marked sleepiness and slowed breathing as with intoxication with heroin or sedative hypnotic drugs, to the rapid heart rate of cocaine intoxication, or the tremors to seizures of alcohol withdrawal. Cocaine and crack abuse facts Cocaine, also called coke, nose candy, snow, blow, or toot, is a drug that comes from the coca plant.

Crack cocaine, also called rock or rock cocaine, is cocaine in solid form. About 25 million people in the United States use cocaine at least once during their lifetime. Symptoms of cocaine intoxication include intense euphoria and pleasure followed by the person becoming hyperactive and hyperalert. Once the high

Crack baby - Definition for English-Language Learners from ...

More Find out about the help available if you want to stop using cocaine, crack and other stimulants, such as amphetamines. Prenatal cocaine exposure (PCE), theorized in the 1970s, occurs when a pregnant woman uses cocaine and thereby exposes her fetus to the drug. Crack baby was a term. Crack treatment and Crack rehabilitation. What is crack? How is crack used? What effects does crack have? What is the difference between crack and cocaine?

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More Guns, pills and cocaine were found when a search warrant was executed in the Vero Beach area, according to the Indian River County Sheriff s Office. crack a book Fig. to open a book to study. (Usually used with a negative.) I never cracked a book and still passed the course. Sally didn t crack a book all semester. Institutional racism (also known as institutionalised racism) is a form of racism expressed in the practice of social and political institutions.

POEM: My Name Is Cocaine - Get Help at Cocaine.org

More ContextDespite recent studies that failed to show catastrophic effects of prenatal cocaine exposure, popular attitudes and public policies still reflect the b Read about symptoms and signs of cocaine and crack abuse and addiction. Plus, learn about treatment, prevention, and the physical and psychological effects of cocaine. Questions and answers related to cocaine, cocaine use, cocaine addiction, crack cocaine, cocaine effects, cocaine overdose, cocaine withdrawal and many other issues.

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